Fileman is the name of the
(program) that's running
to provide you with a graphical interface to your account at
Matrix Magic. Fileman is a little like Microsoft's Explore
program, and the Finder on Macs. It displays the files and
directories (AKA Folders) you have made, and contains commands
you can use to manage those files and directories:
create, edit, rename, delete,
upload files, etc.
When you log into your account at Matrix Magic this is the first
window you see. Your "location" is shown at the top. In this example
we are looking at the account for Dr. Treadwell, who kindly
acted as my test subject for developing this class! So you see his
information at the top: http://matrixmagic.com/treadwell.
The primary parts of fileman are numbered 1 - 4. Notice item 1 has
sub-elements, columns, flagged a - g.
Item 1: File and Directory listing
A list of all of your files and subdirectories.
In this example you can see two horizontal
rows: the first row shows a directory, the second row contains a file.
The rows contain different commands, as appropriate for managing files
Notice the file and directory names (index.html and images) appear as
hyperlinks, and the icons are hyperlinks too.
The columns contain all the commands for
working with your files.
Icon and Name of the File or Directory
Contains the hyperlinked name
of the file or directory, and its associated icon. The Folder icon
represents a directory (named images), a place for holding
files. The Globe icon represents a file (named index.html).
If you click on either the icon or the linked name you will display
the contents of the file or directory. Neither click (on icon or linked
name) will gain you access to editing a file or entering a directory! To
actually edit the file named index.html you must click on the edit
link, to the right of the filename, in column e. To open a
directory you need to select chdir in column e.
Select the icon or filename to display the contents, view only
----- OR -----
Select the chdir command to open a directory to work
with files in that directory.
Select the edit link if you want to edit a file.
UNIX File Permissions
Column b (which is difficult to read in this image) lists the
permissions for this file or directory. You're not required to learn
about permissions in this class. If you're especially curious about
permissions feel free to write to
firstname.lastname@example.org and she'll be glad
to work with you. You can also consult this UNIX handout to
learn more about permissions.
This is the date the file or directory was created or last changed.
Size of File
The size of the file in Kilobytes. You don't see file sizes for directories. This can
be a useful indicator of how large your web pages are, and thus how
long a reader will have to wait for the page to load in her browser! I try
to never use a graphic that's over 20K and I mostly keep images
at less than 10K. A good rule of thumb is that the cumulative size
of a web page shouldn't exceed 40K. Cumulative size includes the size
of the web page itself (the .html file) plus the size of every image
included on that page. Keeping the total size of a web down helps
pages load faster for the reader.
chdir and edit
The commands in column e vary depending on whether the entry is a file or a
directory. The files have the edit option and the directories have the
If you are working with file
(index.html) and you click on its edit option, you'll find yourself in a
little edit window right in your browser window! Below that edit window is
a little button to use to save the changes you've made. Below that Save
button is a place where you can change the file name if you want to. You
don't have to change the file name in order to edit the file.
chdir stands for change dirirectory. This is the command
to open a directory so you can see and edit files inside that
directory. Before you upload a file to a subdirectory like images you would
first chdir to (open) the directory.
Delete Files and Directories
The commands in this column allow you to remove files and directories from your account
space. Be careful with this command! Once a file is deleted there is
UNdelete command available - it's gone forever.
rmdir - Deleting Directories
You have to delete all files inside a directory before you can
actually delete the directory itself. So you'd use the chdir
command first to enter the directory, delete the files using the
delete option, then use the back button (item 5 on
the image) to return to delete the directory itself.
delete - Deleting Files
This is the command to delete a single file.
Passwords and Renaming Files
This last column for section 1 covers two unrelated options.
Password Protection for Directories
For directories, you can add password protection. That means a person has
to have a special user name and password to see any files (web pages)
inside that directory. So you see, you don't actually password protect a
single file, instead you protect an entire directory and that password
protection will apply to every file in that directory. You don't have to
learn about passwords in this class. But this is a handy concept, if, for
example, you want to make special material available for parents that you
don't want the general public to have access to! If you'd like to learn
more about this advanced feature, just let paula know and she'll be glad to
spend time with you on it.
You can use this option to change the name of a file. This is NOT a
copy command, there doesn't seem to be a copy option available. BUT, if you
did want to make a copy of a file you could opt to edit the file (column e
in area 1 of the image), and in that edit window you have the option to
enter a new name for the file. This approach will retain the original copy
of the file in place, and create a new identical copy.
Item 2: Create a New Document
This option actually allows you to create and edit a brand new file.
Everything happens inside the browser window, and nothing is saved on your
personal computer; the file is saved directly to your web space. I don't
anticipate you'll need this option during this Fulton County class, but it
can be a handy option. To create a new file, type the name you want for
the file in the field and click on the Create File button. You'll
then find yourself in the little editor where you can edit the edit. Notice
when you create the file the editor comes up with basic HTML code in place.
You could delete that code if you want to create a file that's not a web
page. I sometimes create files this way and instead of giving the file the
.html file extension, I'll name with a .txt extension.
This allows me to enter and change short notes without having to deal with
a lot of html code. And the web browser will recognize that the file is not
a web page and show just the plain text.
Item 3: Create a New Directory
This option allows you to create new directories in your web space.
You'll definitely want to create a directory to hold your images.
Item 4: Upload a File
You'll be using this option a lot! This is the option to use to copy your
web pages and images up to your web space. Click the Browse button
and you'll get a dialog box to help you locate the file you want to upload
on your personal computer. Once you've selected the file, you'll see that
file name appear in the next little field down, labeled Remote
Filename. You don't need to change the filename if you don't want to.
But the option is available.
Item 5: the back Link
This option takes you back one screen. So if you had entered the
images directory in order to upload files there, clicking on the Back link
will return you to the main screen.
Item 6: Root
Think of the Root as the top level of the directory for your home space. So
if you have created 2-3 subdirectories down, you could click on Root to
jump immediately to the top directory level of your space.